Molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) is commonly used as a buffer layer in organic electronic devices to improve hole-injection. However, stoichiometric MoO3is an insulator, and adds a series resistance. Here it is shown that a MoO3buffer layer can be reduced to form a metallic oxide buffer that exhibits more favorable energy-level alignment with N, N′-diphenyl-N, N′-bis-(1-naphthyl)-1-1′-biphenyl-4, 4′-diamine (α-NPD) than does MoO3. This buffer layer thus provides the conductivity of a metal with the favorable energy alignment of an oxide. Photoemission shows the reduced oxide contains Mo4+ and Mo5+, with a metallic valence band structure similar to MoO2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)