A meta-alkylthio-phenyl chain-substituted small-molecule donor as the third component for high-efficiency organic solar cells

Chenyang Zhang, Jing Li, Lei Ji, Hanlin Hu, Gang Li, Kai Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ternary organic solar cells (OSCs) have attracted increasing attention because they are a feasible and efficient strategy to improve the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of OSCs. However, the rational molecular design of guest materials with a suitable absorption spectrum, energy level and molecular packing is still challenging. Herein, a large-bandgap small-molecule (SM) donor, BTC, incorporated with meta-alkylthio-phenyl-substituted benzo[1,2-b : 4,5-b′]dithiophene (BDT) as the core, was designed and synthesized for high-performance ternary OSCs. It possesses a deeper HOMO (highest occupied molecular orbital) level compared to PM6, which leads to a higher open-circuit voltage (VOC). Moreover, BTC exhibits good miscibility and complementary absorption with PM6 in the near-ultraviolet region, favoring the photovoltaic performance of OSCs by enhancing the short-circuit current density (JSC). Additionally, the ternary blend film with 15 wt% BTC achieved an optimized morphology with a nanofibrous network and strong face-on molecular stack, resulting in higher and more balanced charge mobilities, lower charge recombination and more efficient exciton dissociation compared to the binary blend. Therefore, we have successfully demonstrated a PCE of 17.32% for the ternary OSCs with 15 wt% BTC, with simultaneously improved VOC, JSC and FF compared to the PM6 : Y6 binary OSCs (15.51%). Moreover, the replacement of the acceptor with L8-BO further improves the PCE of ternary OSCs by up to 18.41%. This study provides a promising building block and effective design to fulfill the prerequisites of the absorption spectrum, molecular packing, energetics, and miscibility of small-molecule donors to achieve high-performance ternary OSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22812-22818
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume10
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science

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