A margin scheme that advises on when to change required margin

Kin Lam, P. L.H. Yu, Hong Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of a margin requirement is to protect a clearinghouse from members' defaults resulting from big losses due to adverse movement of futures prices. To decide on how much a margin is required, a clearinghouse may refer to a benchmark margin defined as a constant multiple of the forecasted volatility. However, a benchmark margin only advises on a desirable margin level. It gives no advice on whether a clearinghouse should alter existing required margin. This paper proposes a margin scheme that can advise on when to change the required margin and if a change is recommended, to what level it should be changed. The proposed margin scheme can be devised so that the coverage probability and change frequency are controlled at target levels deemed appropriate by the clearinghouse. The proposed margin scheme needs a volatility forecast as input. This paper shows that among a large number of volatility forecasts, implied volatility gives the best results. This confirms a conjecture that implied volatility may have more information content than other volatility forecasts as far as margin setting is concerned.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-530
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Clearinghouse
  • GARCH model
  • Implied volatility
  • Margin in futures market
  • Volatility forecasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


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