A Longitudinal Study of the Psychological State of Teachers Before and During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Mexico

Nadia Yanet Cortés-Alvarez, Alicia Saldivar Garduño, Dalinda Isabel Sanchez Vidana, Leticia Gabriela Marmolejo-Murillo, César Rubén Vuelvas Olmos (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The COVID-19 outbreak significantly impacted people’s lives. Within the education system, the teaching mode drastically changed to adapt to the social distancing restrictions due to the pandemic. Consequently, teachers have been facing challenges associated with remote learning in addition to those of the pandemic. The aim of the present study was to assess the psychological state among teachers at two stages: prepandemic (November 2019) and during the pandemic (June-July 2020 and June-July 2021).
Information regarding demographic data, depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS-21), and burnout syndrome (MBI-ES) was collected using validated questionnaires. Results showed a significantly higher scores as well as a higher prevalence in the DASS-21 and the MBI-ES scales, on the second measurement taken during the pandemic compared to the pre-pandemic period and the first evaluation during the pandemic. During the second evaluation on pandemic stage, female teachers of ≥45 years of age with a college-level of education, 11 years of teaching experience, and currently teaching at preschools and primary schools were significantly associated with higher anxiety, stress, EE, and burnout scores. In addition, female teachers aged ≥45 years reported higher PD and PA scores. Finally, an association between burnout syndrome and depression was identified in the evaluations carried out during the pandemic considering both the total sample and the analysis per gender. The study shows that teachers’ mental health has been negatively affected by the pandemic. Efforts from the education system and health authorities are crucial to design and implement strategies to improve teachers’ mental health during the fight against COVID-19.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychological Reports
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2022


  • academic staff
  • anxiety
  • burnout
  • COVID-19
  • depression
  • pandemic
  • Stress
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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