A hybrid method for optimization of the adaptive Goldstein filter

Mi Jiang, Xiaoli Ding, Xin Tian, Rakesh Malhotra, Weixue Kong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


(ISPRS). The Goldstein filter is a well-known filter for interferometric filtering in the frequency domain. The main parameter of this filter, alpha, is set as a power of the filtering function. Depending on it, considered areas are strongly or weakly filtered. Several variants have been developed to adaptively determine alpha using different indicators such as the coherence, and phase standard deviation. The common objective of these methods is to prevent areas with low noise from being over filtered while simultaneously allowing stronger filtering over areas with high noise. However, the estimators of these indicators are biased in the real world and the optimal model to accurately determine the functional relationship between the indicators and alpha is also not clear. As a result, the filter always under- or over-filters and is rarely correct. The study presented in this paper aims to achieve accurate alpha estimation by correcting the biased estimator using homogeneous pixel selection and bootstrapping algorithms, and by developing an optimal nonlinear model to determine alpha. In addition, an iteration is also merged into the filtering procedure to suppress the high noise over incoherent areas. The experimental results from synthetic and real data show that the new filter works well under a variety of conditions and offers better and more reliable performance when compared to existing approaches.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-43
Number of pages15
JournalISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2014


  • Adaptive Goldstein filter
  • Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR)
  • Iteration
  • Phase standard deviation (STD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

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