A Hybrid Damper with Tunable Particle Impact Damping and Coulomb Friction

Muhammad Ayaz Akbar, Wai On Wong, Emiliano Rustighi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A particle impact damper (PID) dissipates the vibration energy of a structure through impacts within the damper. The PID is not commonly used in practice mainly because of its low damping-to-mass ratio and the difficulty in achieving its optimal design due to its nonlinear characteristics. In contrast, a Coulomb friction damper (FD) can offer a higher damping force-to-mass ratio than other dampers, but it is also difficult to be controlled precisely due to its nonlinear characteristics and excessive frequency sensitivity regarding the resonant frequency. This paper examines a hybrid damper by combining a particle impact damper and a Coulomb friction damper (PID + FD) theoretically and experimentally. A theoretical model of the proposed damper is developed and tested numerically on a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) structure. The predicted results are validated by experimental tests on a prototype of the proposed damper. The damping force provided by the FD in the prototype can be varied by adjusting the normal force applied through a compression spring, while the vibration energy dissipation by the PID can be varied by changing the cavity size of the PID. A parametric analysis of the proposed hybrid damper has been performed. The proposed hybrid damper can reduce the maximum vibration amplitude of the SDOF primary structure by 66% and 43% compared with using the FD and PID only. The proposed damper is found to be effective over a wide range of excitation frequencies. Furthermore, the proposed hybrid damper achieves a similar vibration suppression performance to the traditional tuned mass damper (TMD) of a similar mass ratio. The proposed damper does not require an optimally tuned natural frequency and damping, unlike the TMD, and therefore it does not have the detuning problem associated with the TMD. In addition, the performance of the proposed damper is tested and compared with the TMD for random earthquake excitation data. Consequently, the proposed hybrid damper may be a simpler and better alternative to the TMD in passive vibration control applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number545
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • friction damper
  • hybrid damper
  • nonlinear damping
  • particle impact damper
  • passive vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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