This paper proposes a holistic approach to connect anthropogenic impacts to environmental remediation solutions. The eDPSIR (engineered-Drivers-Pressures-States-Impacts-Responses) framework aims at supporting the decision-maker in designing technological solutions for a contaminated coastal area, where the natural matrices need to be cleaned up. The eDPSIR is characterized by cause-effect relationships that are operationally implemented through three multidisciplinary toolboxes: (i) Toolbox 1, to connect driving forces with pressures, classifying the state of the system and allowing the identification of target contaminants and the extent of contamination; (ii) Toolbox 2, to quantify bioaccumulation also by identifying corresponding areas; (iii) Toolbox 3, to identify the most suitable remediation solutions for previously identified contaminated areas, named contamination scenarios. The eDPSIR was calibrated on the case study of the Mar Piccolo in Taranto (Southern Italy), one of the most complex and polluted areas in Europe. While the consolidated DPSIR allows for a strategic response by limiting the use of contaminated areas or reducing upstream pressures, the eDPSIR made it possible to structure with a semi-quantitative logic the problem of assisting the decision-makers in choosing the optimal technological remediation responses for each sediment scenario of contamination (heavy metal; organic compounds; mixed). Assisted natural attenuation was identified as the best remediation technology in terms of treatment effectiveness and smallest amount of impacts involved in the project actions. However, considering the scenario of mixed contamination, in-situ reactive capping reached a good rank with a value of the composite indicator equal to 99.5%; thermal desorption and stabilization/solidification recorded a value of 94.1% and 84.6%, respectively. The application of these toolboxes provides alternative means to interpret, manage, and solve different cases of global marine contaminated sites.
- Environmental health risk
- Marine sediments
- Multi-criteria analysis
- Pollution clean-up
- Sustainable remediation technologies
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis