A high-performance solid-state lithium-oxygen battery with a ceramic-carbon nanostructured electrode

Xingbao Zhu, Tianshou Zhao, Peng Tan, Zhaohuan Wei, Maochun Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ceramic lithium-oxygen batteries that use non-flammable and non-volatile electrolyte have the potential to store a large amount of energy in a relatively safe way. However, the performance of this type of battery has been extremely low due primarily to the large ohmic-resistance from a thick electrolyte and the limited triple-phase boundaries (TPBs) in conventional cathodes. In this work, we fabricate a seamless electrolyte-electrode structure by one-step sintering a rather thin Li1.3Al0.3Ti1.7(PO4)3 (LATP) electrolyte layer (20 μm thick) onto a porous LATP substrate. A hierarchical carbon is then grown in the pores of the porous LATP, uniquely forming three-dimensional pathways for the transport of lithium-ions, electrons, and oxygen throughout the entire cathode. It is found that the cathodic TPBs are 330 times larger than those of conventional solid-state lithium-oxygen batteries. As a result, the battery is capable of operating in O2 for over 1174 cycles (~150 days) and for over 450 cycles (75 days) with degradation of <3% in ambient air when RuO2 and NiO are used as the catalysts. Moreover, the charge/discharge rate reaches as high as 15 mA cm-2, 2-4 orders of magnitude higher than that of conventional lithium-oxygen batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-576
Number of pages12
JournalNano Energy
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrolyte
  • Lithium-air battery
  • Mechanism
  • Membrane
  • Solid-state LATP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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