A High-Capacity, Long-Cycling All-Solid-State Lithium Battery Enabled by Integrated Cathode/Ultrathin Solid Electrolyte

Yanke Lin, Maochun Wu, Jing Sun, Leicheng Zhang, Qinping Jian, Tianshou Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current all-solid-state lithium battery (ASSLB) manufacturing typically involves laborious fabrication and assembly of individual electrodes and solid electrolyte, which inevitably result in large interfacial resistances. Moreover, due to the unfavorable mechanical strength, most solid electrolytes are fabricated to be overly thick and are incapable of retarding lithium dendrite formation. These factors limit the attainable energy density and cyclability of ASSLBs. Here, a novel integrated cathode/solid electrolyte for scalable ASSLB manufacturing is reported by directly fabricating an ultrathin yet robust fiber network reinforced solid electrolyte on the cathode. The integrated design allows continuous ion conduction at both the interface and the entire cathode, thereby considerably reducing interfacial resistance and enabling higher cathode loading. Meanwhile, the strong fiber network endows the solid electrolyte with an ultrasmall thickness and superior dendrite suppression capability. As a result, the newly-developed Li/LiFePO4 ASSLB achieves a high capacity of 155.2 mAh g–1 at 0.5 C and 45 °C with capacity retention of 84.3% after 500 cycles. Even with a cathode loading of 13 mg cm–2, the battery still delivers a capacity of 124.1 mAh g–1. Additionally, a pouch cell with this integrated design displays good electrochemical performance and safety, showing great promise for practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2101612
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume11
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ASSLBs
  • high cathode loading
  • interfaces
  • scalable manufacturing
  • ultrathin solid electrolytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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