A hierarchical scheme for utilizing plug-in electric vehicle power to hedge against wind-induced unit ramp cycling operations

Xiao Luo, Shiwei Xia, Ka Wing Chan, Xi Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing wind power (WP) integration is forcing conventional units to go through more frequent and significant cycling operations, whichwould accelerate wear and tear to unit components and eventually affect the unit's lifespan. In this context, this paper proposes a hierarchical scheme to control the power of plugin electric vehicles (PEVs) to mitigate unit ramp cycling (URC) operations. A general-form representation of the URC operation is proposed for the first time. At the top level of the hierarchical scheme, a system net load variation range (NLVR) is constructed first to capture the uncertainty inWP forecasts, and then the PEV power is scheduled to reshape the NLVR so as to minimize theURC operations that can be caused by the possible net load realizations in the NLVR. Based on updated WP forecasts, the middle-level dispatch model exempts overscheduled anti-URC regulation onus on PEVs to promote PEV charging. At the bottom level, a decentralized PEV charging control strategy is used to implement the PEV power dispatch instruction. Simulation results verify that the proposed scheme can avert the URC operations effectively, while preserve most of the desired PEV charging energy. Simulation results also show that the proposed scheme is more capable of withstanding WP forecast errors compared with its deterministic version and a benchmark scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2696540
Pages (from-to)55-69
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


  • Plug-in electric vehicles
  • Terms-Hierarchical scheme
  • Unit ramp cycling operations
  • Wind power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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