A General Strategy to Achieve Colossal Permittivity and Low Dielectric Loss Through Constructing Insulator/Semiconductor/Insulator Multilayer Structures

Kai Liu, Yalong Sun, Fengang Zheng, Mei Yan Tse, Qingbo Sun, Yun Liu, Jianhua Hao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, we propose a route to realize high-performance colossal permittivity (CP) by creating multilayer structures of insulator/semiconductor/insulator. To prove the new concept, we made heavily reduced rutile TiO2 via annealing route in Ar/H2 atmosphere. Dielectric studies show that the maximum dielectric permittivity (~ 3.0 × 104) of our prepared samples is about 100 times higher than that (~ 300) of conventional TiO2. The minimum dielectric loss is 0.03 (at 104–105 Hz). Furthermore, CP is almost independent of the frequency (100–106 Hz) and the temperature (20–350 K). We suggest that the colossal permittivity is attributed to the high carrier concentration of the inner TiO2 semiconductor, while the low dielectric loss is due to the presentation of the insulator layer on the surface of TiO2. The method proposed here can be expanded to other material systems, such as semiconductor Si sandwiched by top and bottom insulator layers of Ga2O3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-358
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


  • Colossal permittivity
  • Multilayer structures
  • Semiconductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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