A General Pattern of Assisted Flux Barriers for Design Optimization of an Asymmetric V-Shape Interior Permanent Magnet Machine

Yanding Bi, Jiahui Huang, Huihuan Wu, Weinong Fu, Shuangxia Niu, Xing Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, a novel general pattern of assisted flux barriers in an asymmetric V-shape interior permanent magnet (AVIPM) machine is presented. The AVIPM machine has a symmetric permanent magnet (PM) structure and an asymmetric rotor core structure to realize the magnetic-field-shifting (MFS) effect. The general pattern can represent four possible types of assisted flux barriers at different positions on the rotor core and the final structure can be automatically determined by using optimization method. The advantage of the proposed optimization pattern is that the optimal design of assisted flux barriers in V-shape interior permanent magnet (VIPM) machines with high torque and low torque ripple can be generated within a short computing time. The proposed optimization method is applied to improve the structure of a conventional 8-pole 48-slot VIPM machine, which is commonly used for driving electric vehicles (EVs). A non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II) is used for the global optimization of both a VIPM machine and an AVIPM machine. The electromagnetic performance is computed using a finite element analysis (FEA). Moreover, a frozen permeability (FP) method is applied to perform an accurate separation of PM torque and reluctance torque. The results exhibit that the peak output torque of the AVIPM machine is increased by 8.7% compared to a conventional VIPM machine with the same PM volume due to the notable MFS effect. In the meantime, the AVIPM machine has a better overload capability due to the larger contribution of reluctance torque. Moreover, the proposed machine has high efficiency of over 97%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8107304
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022


  • Finite element analysis (FEA)
  • optimization
  • permanent magnet (PM) machines
  • permeability
  • torque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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