A Fully Self-Powered Cholesteric Smart Window Actuated by Droplet-Based Electricity Generator

Yuchao Li, Mingmei Wang, Chao Zhang, Chun Chuan Wang, Wanghuai Xu, Shouwei Gao, Yongsen Zhou, Chun Ta Wang, Zuankai Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Self-powered smart windows are highly attractive for the development of energy-efficient buildings system, owing to their superior capacities in regulating the energy and information exchange between indoor and outdoor environments. Although immense achievement has been made in the self-powered cholesteric liquid crystal smart window (CLC-SW) based on triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs), such a self-powered manner is limited by some challenges such as the need of the continuous input of external forces, as well as unstable performance owing to inevitable mechanical abrasion of TENGs surface. Here, a fully self-powered CLC-SW is developed by leveraging droplet-based electricity generator (DEG) as a spontaneous and sustained energy reservoir, in which DEG has superior capacities to harvest ceaseless energy from ambient environment and circumvent any additional electrical power input. It is demonstrated that DEG-driven CLC-SW exhibits a rapid response and high tunability in the transformation between the transparent state and the hazy state in a wide range of solar spectrum. Moreover, both the transparent and hazy modes can be self-sustained for a long time, also be reversibly switched by the gentle mechanical pressure loading. The DEG-driven smart window developed in this work can find applications such as indoor temperature modulation and privacy information protection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2102274
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • cholesteric liquid crystals
  • droplet-based electricity generator
  • smart windows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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