A fluorinated polymer sponge with superhydrophobicity for high-performance biomechanical energy harvesting

Zehua Peng, Jian Song, Yuan Gao, Jin Liu, Ching Lee, Guorui Chen, Zuankai Wang, Jun Chen, Michael K.H. Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


Human body contains various biomechanical energy, which emerges as a pervasive and sustainable energy resource for wearable electronics in the era of Internet of Things. We have developed a fluorinated polymer sponge based triboelectric nanogenerator (FPS-TENG) that provides stable electrical output over a wide range of ambient humidity. The humidity resistance due to excellent hydrophobic property of the fluorinated polymer sponge can overcome the adverse effects of moisture. The FPS-TENG also exhibits high durability even after enduring heavy abrasion. The output voltage of the FPS-TENG is three times higher than that of the pristine polymer film (PPF) based TENG. When assembled with hydrophobic copper (HC) contact electrodes, the FPS-TENG retains almost 90% electrical output over 20–85% relative humidity. Moreover, super durability is achieved by quasi-bulk-phase functionalization. After 1 mm-thickness abrasion of the fluorinated polymer sponge, the output voltage is degraded by only 10%. Under the optimal operating conditions, the FPS-TENG delivers a maximum power density of 0.89 W m−2 at a load resistance of 10 MΩ. The fluorination enhanced triboelectrification and the surface superhydrophobicity induced humidity-stability make the FPS-TENG a sustainable power source for the wearable bioelectronics in the era of Internet of Things.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106021
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Fluorination
  • Humidity-stability
  • Sponge structure
  • Triboelectric nanogenerator
  • Wearable bioelectronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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