A finite element analysis of an auxetic warp-knitted spacer fabric structure

Zhengyue Wang, Hong Hu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports the tensile deformation behavior of an auxetic warp-knitted spacer fabric structure by using the finite element (FE) method. The precise geometry of the outer layer structure of the fabric was firstly obtained from a micro X-ray computerized tomography scan and then inputted to an ANSYS 13.0 software to generate geometrical models. The geometrical models were then meshed using the PLANE 183 element to build FE models. Based on the FE models built, deformation behaviors of the auxetic fabric in the course direction and wale direction were simulated and compared with experimental results. The FE analysis showed that the simulated fabric deformations at different tensile strains were very close to the real fabric deformations and the FE-generated Poisson's ratio-strain curves agreed well with the experimental ones. Therefore, the FE models could be used for predicting the deformation behaviors of the auxetic warp-knitted spacer fabric stretched in different fabric plane directions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-415
Number of pages12
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • auxetic fabric
  • deformation behavior
  • finite element model
  • spacer fabric
  • warp-knitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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