A fifth generation numerical modelling system in coastal zone

Kwok Wing Chau, W. Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, artificial intelligence (AI) technology is gradually integrated into the numerical modelling system to make the system more intelligent and more user-friendly. The characteristics of the fifth generation numerical modelling are connected with AI applications. The expert system technology as a widely applied AI technology is integrated into our modelling system for coastal water processes with traditional numerical computational tools and the data and graphical pre-processing and post-processing techniques. Five kinds of knowledge bases are built in the system to describe the existing expertise knowledge about model parameters, relations between parameters and physical conditions, various possible selections for parameters and rules of inference. The inference engine is designed to be driven by the confidence of correctness, and the rule base is built with the factor of confidence to link the various relations. The decision tree is designed to drive the inference engine to explore the route of selection procedure of modeling. The decision tree depends on the real problem specifications and can be modified during the dialogue between the system and the user. The forward chaining and backward chaining inference techniques are mixed together in the system to help matching the parameters in the model and the possible selections with sufficiently high confidence. The expert system technology is successfully integrated into the system to provide help for model parameter selection or model selection, and to make the numerical model system more accessible for non-expert users.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-900
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Mathematical Modelling
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Applied Mathematics


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