A feasible weave color scope inspection by using primary yarn colors to improve Jacquard reproduction quality

Lei Zeng, Ken Ri Kim, John H. Xin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Producing a wide scope of weave colors is challenging in modern Jacquard weaving with limited weft color variety. The subtractive primary color yarns (cyan, magenta, yellow and black) are used to replicate varied Jacquard designs, but there is potential to improve the color reproduction quality by expanding a feasible weave color scope. Therefore, this research examined weave colors that are created by combining two sets of primary colors from different color systems. In color printing, six color pigments (i.e., cyan [C], magenta [M], yellow [Y], red [R], green [G] and blue [B]) are popularly used as primary colors for color reproduction. Therefore, weft yarn colors are selected in line with the six colors and a feasible weave color scope is inspected. The group of yarns is paired, and 225 weave color samples are produced to examine the color effects. The weave color samples are measured by a spectrophotometer and described by the CIELAB color space. The results show that the CIELAB color space was expanded by adding [R], [G] and [B] colored yarns. The hue and chroma ranges of the fabric samples were expanded compared with the fabrics produced by only [C], [M] and [Y] yarn colors. In this research, the possibilities in color reproduction are explored and the findings suggest great potential in producing a wide scope of weave colors by using primary yarn colors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3641-3652
Number of pages12
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number19-20
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • CIELAB color space
  • Jacquard design
  • Optical yarn color mixing
  • pigment mixing effect
  • primary colors
  • yarn color mixing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics


Dive into the research topics of 'A feasible weave color scope inspection by using primary yarn colors to improve Jacquard reproduction quality'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this