A fast-algorithmic probabilistic evaluation on regional rate of change of frequency (rocof) for operational planning of high renewable penetrated power systems

Jiaxin Wen, Siqi Bu, Bowen Zhou, Qiyu Chen, Dongsheng Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The high rate of change of frequency (RoCoF) issue incurred by the integration of renewable energy sources (RESs) into a modern power system significantly threatens the grid security, and thus needs to be carefully examined in the operational planning. However, severe fluctuation of regional frequency responses concerned by system operators could be concealed by the conventional assessment based on aggregated system frequency response. Moreover, the occurrence probability of a high RoCoF issue is actually a very vital factor during the system planner's decision-making. Therefore, a fast-algorithmic evaluation method is proposed to determine the probabilistic distribution of regional RoCoF for the operational planning of a RES penetrated power system. First, an analytical sensitivity (AS) that quantifies the relationship between the regional RoCoF and the stochastic output of the RES is derived based on the generator and network information. Then a linear sensitivity-based analytical method (LSM) is established to calculate the regional RoCoF and the corresponding probabilistic distribution, which takes much less computational time when comparing with the scenario-based simulation (SBS) and involves much less complicated calculation procedure when comparing with the cumulant-based method (CBM). The effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method are verified in a modified 16-machine 5-area IEEE benchmark system by numerical SBS and analytical CBM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2780
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • Cumulant-based method (CBM)
  • Linear sensitivity-based method (LSM)
  • Model-based operational planning
  • Regional RoCoF
  • Renewable energy sources (RESs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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