A Facile and Scalable Method of Fabrication of Large-Area Ultrathin Graphene Oxide Nanofiltration Membrane

Zhiyu Liu, Zhong Ma, Baitai Qian, Anson Y.H. Chan, Xiaowen Wang, Yang Liu, John H. Xin

    Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    With their ultrafast water transport and excellent molecule sieving properties, graphene oxide (GO)-based membranes show great potential in the membrane filtration field for water purification and molecular separation. However, the inability of uniform GO membranes to be produced on an industrial scale and their nonenvironmentally friendly reduction treatment are the bottleneck preventing their industrial applications. Herein, we report a scalable ultrathin uniform GO membrane fabrication technique. Ultrathin GO membranes with a large area of 30 × 80 cm2 and a thickness of a few nanometers were uniformly and facilely fabricated using a continuous process combining Mayer rod-coating and a short-time, high-power UV reduction. The interlayer spacing of the GO membrane could be effectively reduced and regulated to improve the salt rejection rate. The fabricated membrane showed superior water permeability of over 60.0 kg m-2 h-1 and a high separation efficiency of over 96.0% for a sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) solution. It also exhibited excellent mechanical stability under various harsh crossflow conditions. More importantly, the fabrication method developed here can be scaled up using a roll-to-roll industrial production process, which successfully solves the problem currently faced by GO membrane researchers and makes the industrial usage of GO membrane a reality.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalACS Nano
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

    Keywords

    • graphene oxide membrane
    • large-area fabrication
    • nanofiltration membrane
    • rod-coating
    • UV reduction

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Engineering(all)
    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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