A dynamic network loading model for anisotropic and congested pedestrian flows

Flurin S. Hänseler, Hing Keung William Lam, Michel Bierlaire, Gael Lederrey, Marija Nikolić

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Walkable space is represented by a network of streams that are each associated with an area in which they interact. To describe this interaction, a stream-based pedestrian fundamental diagram is used that relates density and walking speed in multi-directional flow. The proposed model is applied to two different case studies. The explicit modeling of anisotropy in walking speed is shown to significantly improve the ability of the model to reproduce empirically observed walking time distributions. Moreover, the obtained model parametrization is in excellent agreement with the literature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-168
Number of pages20
JournalTransportation Research Part B: Methodological
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Anisotropy
  • Calibration
  • Macroscopic model
  • Network loading
  • Pedestrian flow
  • Pedestrian fundamental diagram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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