A dopant-free twisted organic small-molecule hole transport material for inverted planar perovskite solar cells with enhanced efficiency and operational stability

Xiaolong Yang, Jun Xi, Yuanhui Sun, Y. Zhang, Guijiang Zhou, Wai Yeung Wong (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Low-cost solution-processable inverted perovskite solar cells (PSCs) demonstrate great potential toward future photovoltaic market. Unfortunately, general hole transport materials (HTMs) within inverted structure make the performance and stability far uncompetitive compared to the normal structure. Interrogating the fundamentals of these materials, moderate charge carrier mobility and susceptible environmental stability of the undoped molecules are the main causes. Herein, a twisted molecule XY1 is developed as a potential robust dopant-free HTM for inverted PSCs. Compared with traditional poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS), XY1 exhibits much higher hole transport ability and peculiar ultraviolet absorption. Hysteresis-free inverted PSCs based on XY1 exhibits the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 18.78%, which is among the highest values for inverted PSCs based on dopant-free HTMs. After light soaking for 200 h, the original PCE of XY1-based device is still maintained at the 95% level, indicating the substantially improved operational stability. Besides, large-area (1.00 cm2) inverted PSC based on XY1 shows a competitive PCE of 17.82%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103946
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019


  • Dopant-free hole transport material
  • Inverted structure
  • Large-area solar cell
  • p-i-n perovskite solar cell
  • Twisted molecule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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