A diagram of the structure evolution of Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3-9%PbTiO3relaxor ferroelectric crystals with excellent piezoelectric properties

Hua Zhou, Tao Li, Nian Zhang, Manfang Mai, Mao Ye, Peng Lin, Chuanwei Huang, Xierong Zeng, Haitao Huang, Shanming Ke

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Piezoelectric properties are of significant importance to medical ultrasound, actuators, sensors, and countless other device applications. The mechanism of piezoelectric properties can be deeply understood in light of structure evolutions. In this paper, we report a diagram of the structure evolutions of Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)0.91Ti0.09O3(PZN-9PT) crystals with excellent piezoelectric properties among orthorhombic, tetragonal, and cubic phases, with a temperature increasing from room temperature to 220 °C. Through fitting the temperature-dependent XRD curves with Gauss and Lorenz functions, we obtained the evolutions of the content ratio of three kinds of phases (orthorhombic, tetragonal and cubic) and the lattice parameters of the PZN-9PT system with the changes of temperature. The XRD fitting results together with Raman and dielectric spectra show that the phase transitions of PZN-9PT are a typical continuous evolution process. Additionally, resonance and anti-resonance spectra show the excellent piezoelectric properties of these crystals, which probably originate from the nano twin domains, as demonstrated by TEM images. Of particular attention is that the thickness electromechanical coupling factor ktis up to 72%.
Original languageEnglish
Article number130
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2017


  • Electromechanical coupling factor
  • Pb(Zn Nb ) O -9%PbTiO 1/3 2/3 3 3
  • Relaxor ferroelectric crystals
  • Structure phase transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this