A deep learning framework for adaptive compressive sensing of high-speed train vibration responses

Si Xin Chen, Yi Qing Ni, Lu Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Onboard monitoring plays an important role in real-time condition assessment of rail systems. However, the data amount is typically tremendous due to the high sampling rate needed and long traveling distance, especially for vibration data collected from high-speed trains (HSTs). As for fault diagnosis of mechanical systems, compressive sensing (CS) has been increasingly adopted to reduce the data amount. In comparison to rotary bearings and bolted joints in machinery that operate in relatively steady working environments, HSTs run in an open and varying environment throughout the traveling mileage, and the data amount is normally much larger, making it tricky to directly apply the classical CS methods. This study aims to bridge the gap by investigating the sparsity of HST vibration signals and CS approaches. Considering the lack of sparsity and long reconstruction time, we propose an efficient adaptive CS approach for dynamic responses of HSTs. More specifically, we unroll the iterative soft thresholding algorithm (ISTA) in a deep learning (DL) framework and configure it into a data reconstruction machine. Compared to the conventional CS methods, our approach exhibits two advantages: (i) The dictionary learning and signal reconstruction are integrated into one neural network and can be conducted in an end-to-end manner; (ii) the process is highly efficient since encapsulating ISTA in a DL framework can naturally leverage the capability of GPU. The proposed approach is validated using data collected from an in-service HST, and results show that our approach achieves superior reconstruction performance over fixed bases and redundant dictionaries.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2979
JournalStructural Control and Health Monitoring
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • adaptive compressive sensing
  • deep learning
  • high-speed train
  • onboard monitoring
  • sparse coding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials


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