A Deep Hybrid Graph Kernel Through Deep Learning Networks

Lixin Cui, Lu Bai, Luca Rossi, Yue Wang, Yuhang Jiao, Edwin R. Hancock

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we develop a new deep hybrid graph kernel. This is based on the depth-based matching kernel [1] and the Weisfeiler-Lehman subtree kernel [2], by jointly computing a basic deep kernel that simultaneously captures the relationship between the combined kernels through deep learning networks. Specifically, for a set of graphs under investigations, we commence by computing two kernel matrices using each of the separate kernels. With the two kernel matrices to hand, for each graph we use the kernel value between the graph and each of the training graphs as the graph characterisation vector. This vector can be seen as a kernel-based similarity embedding vector of the graph [3]. We use the embedding vectors of all graphs to train a deep auto encoder network, that is optimized using Stochastic Gradient Descent together with the Deep Belief Network for pretraining. The deep representation computed through the deep learning network captures the main relationship between the depth-based matching kernel and the Weisfeiler-Lehman subtree kernel. The resulting deep hybrid graph kernel is computed by summing the original kernels together with the dot product kernel between their deep representations. We show that the deep hybrid graph kernel not only captures the joint information between the associated depth-based matching and Weisfeiler-Lehman subtree kernels, but also reflects the information content over all graphs under investigations. Experimental evaluations demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed kernel.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 24th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1030-1035
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538637883
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event24th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2018 - Beijing, China
Duration: 20 Aug 201824 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Pattern Recognition
Volume2018-August
ISSN (Print)1051-4651

Conference

Conference24th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2018
Country/TerritoryChina
CityBeijing
Period20/08/1824/08/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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