A decision support framework for sustainable highway alignment embracing variant preferences of stakeholders: case of China Pakistan economic corridor

Irfan Zafar, Ibrahim Yahaya Wuni, Geoffrey Qiping Shen, Hafiz Zahoor, Jin Xue

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The selection of highway alignment without explicit consideration of the interests and preferences of stakeholders is a major recipe for conflicts and opposition in highway projects. Given the complex and dynamic nature of the highway alignment decision atmosphere, a dynamic framework is imperative. This research evaluated three multi-criteria decision methods (MCDMs), identified the optimal combination and proposed a highway alignment decision support framework which embraces the preferences of stakeholders. The proposed framework was validated using a controversial ongoing mega highway project from the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Thus, the study makes a useful contribution to the praxis and practice of the highway alignment decision-making process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1550-1584
Number of pages35
JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2020


  • CPEC
  • decision-making
  • highway alignment
  • stakeholders
  • sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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