A decision-directed adaptive gain equalizer for assistive hearing instruments

Kit Yan Chan, Siow Yong Low, Sven Nordholm, Ka Fai Cedric Yiu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Assistive hearing instruments have a significant impact on speech enhancement when the signal-to-noise ratio is low. These instruments are usually developed using the conventional adaptive gain equalizer (AGE), which has low computational complexity and low distortion in real-time speech enhancement. The conventional AGEs are intended to boost the speech segments of speech signals but they are incapable of suppressing noise segments. The overall speech quality of the assistive hearing instruments may be reduced, as the noise segments still cannot be filtered out. In this paper, a decision-directed AGE is proposed for assistive hearing instruments. It aims to overcome the limitation of the conventional AGE, which is capable only of boosting speech segments in noisy speech but incapable of suppressing noise segments. The proposed approach simultaneously boosts the speech segments and suppresses noise segments in noisy speech. Experimental results with different types of real-world noise indicate that the proposed method achieves better speech quality than does the conventional AGE. The resulting method provides an improved functionality for assistive hearing instruments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6736107
Pages (from-to)1886-1895
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Adaptive gain equalizer (AGE)
  • assistive hearing instruments
  • heuristic algorithms
  • particle swarm optimization (PSO)
  • perceptual evaluation of speech quality (PESQ)
  • single channel filter
  • speech booster
  • speech enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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