A data-driven reversible framework for achieving Sustainable Smart product-service systems

Xinyu Li (Corresponding Author), Zuoxu Wang, Chun Hsien Chen, Pai Zheng (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Higher sustainability with extended product lifecycle is a tireless pursuit in companies’ product design/development endeavours. In this regard, two prevailing concepts, namely the smart circular system and smart product-service system (Smart PSS), have been introduced, respectively. However, most existing studies only focus on the sustainability of physical materials and components, without considering the cyber-physical resources as a whole, let alone an integrated strategy towards the so-called Sustainable Smart PSS. To fill the gap, this paper discusses the key features in Sustainable Smart PSS development from a broadened scope of cyber-physical resources management. A data-driven reversible framework is hereby proposed to sustainably exploit high-value and context-dependent information/knowledge in the development of Sustainable Smart PSS. A four-step context-aware process in the framework, including requirement elicitation, solution recommendation, solution evaluation, and knowledge evolvement, is further introduced to support the decision-making and optimization along the extended or circular lifecycle. An illustrative example is depicted in the sustainable development of a smart 3D printer, which validates the feasibility and advantages of the proposed framework. As an explorative study, it is hoped that this work provides useful insights for Smart PSS development with sustainability concerns in a cyber-physical environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123618
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2021


  • Context-awareness
  • Knowledge management
  • Reversible design
  • Smart product-service system
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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