A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the foot arch function of Chinese children. A total of 2715 children, 1246 girls, and 1369 boys, 4-18 years of age were recruited from kindergartens, primary, and secondary schools. The dynamic footprints of the children were collected using a portable pressure-sensing mat. The Contact Force Ratio (CFR, i.e. the ratio of the mid-foot loading to the total loading of the contacted foot, with the toes ignored) of each age group was calculated. In general, the CFR decreased from 4 to 10 years and plateaued at 10-12 years and then increased until 15-16 years. An abnormal low arch foot was defined as the foot that had a CFR value larger than the corresponding age mean plus one standard deviation. The cut-off CFR values of each age group were calculated. With the exception of the 17 years age group, which consisted of a relatively small number of subjects, the percentage of low arch subjects of all the other age groups ranged from 15 to 20%.
- Contact Force Ratio
- Dynamic footprints
- Foot arch
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Professions (miscellaneous)