A cross-lagged model of self-esteem and life satisfaction: Gender differences among Chinese university students

Shengquan Ye, Lu Yu, Kin Kit Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Past research has shown a close relationship between self-esteem (SE) and life satisfaction (LS). Using cross-lagged structural equation modeling, the current longitudinal study examined the directionality of the relationship among a sample of Chinese university students (214 males and 134 females). In the model, SE and LS at Time 1 were used to predict SE and LS at Time 2, with socioeconomic status (SES) as the independent variable of both constructs. Results showed that SE consistently predicted subsequent LS among both genders, whereas no significant effects of LS on subsequent SE were found. Furthermore, SES had significant effects on LS among both genders. Its influence on SE, however, was significant among females only. Implications and limitations are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-551
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012


  • Cross-lagged model
  • Gender difference
  • Life satisfaction
  • Self-esteem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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