A Critique of Tourism-Led Economic Growth Studies

Haiyan Song, Doris Chenguang Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


During recent decades numerous academics have examined the tourism-led economic growth (TLEG) hypothesis, and a large number of related empirical studies have been published in the tourism literature. However, the research designs for many of these studies have not satisfactorily addressed the theoretical foundation that underpins the TLEG hypothesis. Their empirical analyses may therefore lead to unreliable or even misleading conclusions. This study critically evaluates these TLEG studies from both theoretical and empirical perspectives and provides recommendations for future TLEG studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-729
JournalJournal of Travel Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2021


  • factor input
  • Granger causality
  • production function
  • tourism productivity
  • tourism-led economic growth (TLEG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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