A critical review on compression textiles for compression therapy: Textile-based compression interventions for chronic venous insufficiency

Rong Liu, Xia Guo, Terence T. Lao, Trevor Little

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compression textiles as adjuvant physical interventions are increasingly applied for prophylaxis and treatment of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), providing benefits of calibrated compression and controlled stretch. Pressure dosage delivered and mechanical properties (stiffness, elasticity and hysteresis) are determined by material nature, stitches structures, fabrication technology and delivery modes. Laplace’s Law and Pascal’s Law contribute to elaborate the static and dynamic working mechanisms behind the interaction between compression interventions and a biological body. However, there is still a lack of sufficient awareness on compression materials, and there is controversy regarding the best solution for clinical application of compression. This study integrates the views from physiology, pathophysiology, biomechanics, material science and textile engineering, to review and clarify physical–mechanical characteristics of compression materials, working mechanisms of textile-based compression interventions and their medical benefits in chronic venous insufficiency treatment. The aim is to enhance understanding of compression textiles applied in compression therapy, and to facilitate cooperation among multiple parties working in related supply chains, thus promoting textile-based compression interventions in chronic venous insufficiency treatment and growth of technical textiles applied in healthcare, medical and rehabilitation fields.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1141
Number of pages21
JournalTextile Research Journal
Volume87
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • chronic venous insufficiency
  • compression stocking and bandage
  • compression textiles
  • compression therapy
  • physical–mechanical characteristics
  • structure and fabrication technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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