A cost-effective beam forming structure for global navigation satellite system multipath mitigation and its assessment

Qiongqiong Jia, Li Ta Hsu, Bing Xu, Renbiao Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Array antenna beam forming has high potential to improve the performance of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) in urban areas. However, the widespread application of array antennas for GNSS multipath mitigation is restricted by many factors, such as the complexity of the system, the computation load and conflicts between required performance, cost budget and limited room for the antenna placement. The scope of this work is triplicate. (1) The pre-correlation beam forming structure is first suggested for multipath mitigation to decrease the system complexity. (2) With the pre-correlation structure, the equivalence of adaptive beam forming to quiescent beam forming is revealed. Therefore, the computational load for beam forming is greatly decreased. (3) A theoretical model is established to link the benefits of beam forming with GNSS performance improvement in terms of pseudorange quality. The model can be used by industry to balance the aforementioned restrictions. Numerical results with different array settings are given, and a 2 × 2 rectangle array with element spacing is suggested as a cost-effective choice in GNSS positioning applications in urban canyon areas.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Navigation
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 28 Dec 2020


  • array antenna
  • beam forming
  • GNSS
  • multipath
  • urban canyon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ocean Engineering

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