In recent years, researchers have shown interests in adopting path-based algorithms to the traffic assignment problem (TAP). The gradient projection (GP) algorithm demonstrates promising computational efficiency and convergence performance over state-of-the-practice link-based algorithms such as the widely accepted and used Frank-Wolfe (FW) algorithm. Note that GP still retains a linear convergence rate. GP thus could be slow as it is approaching the optimal solution. As a remedy, the Newton type approach becomes an intuitive candidate to improve GP's performance. In this paper, we introduce an additional projection along the conjugate gradient direction besides the ordinary gradient projection in every iteration, by which the Hessian matrix is approximated more accurately. According to our computational results, the conjugate gradient projection (CGP) improves the convergence performance greatly. The results indicate that CGP can deliver better and more reliable convergence than GP and remains its computational tractability even when large-scale networks are being considered.
- Conjugate gradient projection
- Gradient projection
- Path-based algorithm
- Traffic assigment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modelling and Simulation
- Computer Science Applications