A computational study of plastic deformation in AISI 304 induced by surface mechanical attrition treatment

XiaoChun Zhang, Jian Lu, San-Qiang Shi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


As a technique of grain refinement process by plastic deformation, surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) has been developed to be one of the most effective ways to optimize the mechanical properties of various materials, including pure metals and alloys. SMAT can significantly reduce grain size into nanometer regime in the surface layer of bulk materials, providing tremendous opportunities for improving physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of the materials. In this article, a computational modeling of the SMAT process is presented, in which Johnson-Cook plasticity model and the finite element method were employed to study the high strain rate, elastic-plastic dynamic process of ball impact on a metallic target. AISI 304 steel with low stacking fault energy was chosen as the target material. First, a random impact model was used to analyze the statistic characteristics of ball impact, and then the plastic deformation behavior and residual stress distribution in AISI 304 stainless steel during SMAT were studied. The simulation results show that the compressive residual stress and vertical deformation of the surface structures were directly affected by ball impact frequency, incident impact angle, and ball diameter used in SMAT process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)572-577
Number of pages6
JournalMechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011


  • Johnson-Cook plasticity
  • plastic deformation
  • random impact
  • surface mechanical attrition treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Mathematics


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