A Computation Effective Range-Based 3D Mapping Aided GNSS with NLOS Correction Method

Hoi Fung Ng, Guohao Zhang, Li Ta Hsu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Global navigation satellite system (GNSS) positioning in dense urban areas remains a challenge due to the signal reflection by buildings, namely multipath and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) reception. These effects degrade the performance of low-cost GNSS receivers such as in those smartphones. An effective three-dimensional (3D) mapping aided GNSS positioning method is proposed to correct the NLOS error. Instead of applying ray-tracing simulation, the signal reflection points are detected based on a skyplot with the surrounding building boundaries. The measurements of the direct and reflected signals can thus be simulated and further used to determine the user's position based on the measurement likelihood between real measurements. Verified with real experiments, the proposed algorithm is able to reduce the computational load greatly while maintaining a positioning accuracy within 10 metres of error in dense urban environments, compared with the conventional method of ray-tracing based NLOS corrected positioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1202-1222
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Navigation
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020


  • 3D Building Model
  • NLOS
  • Urban Canyon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ocean Engineering


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