A comparison of the use of fire zone and field models for simulating atrium smoke-filling processes

Wan Ki Chow

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


The smoke filling process for the three types of atrium spaces commonly built in Hong Kong are simulated using the two types of deterministic fire model: zone models and field models. The zone models used are the FIRST, CFAST, and CCFM.VENTS models developed at the Building and Fire Research Laboratories, NIST, USA and the NBTC one-room model of FIRECALC developed at CSIRO, Australia. The field model is a self-developed fire field model based on computational fluid dynamics theories. The results predicted by the two approaches are very similar. Simulation using a field model requires much more computing time compared with the use of a zone model, but it can give more detailed information on the fire-induced flow and temperature fields.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-353
Number of pages17
JournalFire Safety Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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