A comparison of patterns of sensory processing in children with and without developmental disabilities

Phoebe P P Cheung, Man Hong Andrew Siu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study compared the patterns of sensory processing among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and children without disabilities. Parents reported on the frequency of sensory processing issues by completing the Chinese Sensory Profile (CSP). Children with disabilities (ASD or ADHD) exhibited significantly more sensory processing issues than children without disabilities. The results of GLM and discriminant analyses showed that the CSP effectively differentiated between children with and without developmental disabilities. But it failed to identify major differences in sensory processing issues between children with either ASD or ADHD. Sensory processing issues could be one of many criteria that characterize and differentiate the features of children with different developmental disabilities. Although no significant gender differences in sensory processing issues appeared, age was a significant cofounding factor in evaluating sensory processing. Children without disabilities showed some small decreases in sensory processing issues as they aged from 6 to 12 years old. Children with ASD showed some decrease in sensory processing issues over the span of their childhood, while children with ADHD showed a significant increase in auditory processing issues as well as small increases in many aspects of sensory processing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1480
Number of pages13
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Assessment tool
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
  • Sensory integration
  • Sensory processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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