A comparative study on phenazone degradation by sulfate radicals based processes

Han Gong, Wei Chu, Lu Gan, He Gong, Jingjun Lin, Qinxing Wang, Wing Yiu Lai, Lijie Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a comparative study on removal of the emerging pollutant phenazone (PNZ) by two treatment processes UVA/Fe(II)/persulfate (PS) and UVA/Fe(II)/peroxymonosulfate (PMS) was conducted. The two processes showed high efficiency in PNZ degradation, followed by a reasonable mineralization. The treatment system with PMS was found to be more efficient for PNZ degradation than that with PS due to the larger amounts of radicals generated. While the treatment process UVA/Fe(II)/PS showed higher ΔTOC/ΔSMX (TOC removal per unit of PNZ decay) than UVA/Fe(II)/PMS process. The sulfate and hydroxyl radicals played dominant roles in PNZ degradation in the UVA/Fe(II)/PS and UVA/Fe(II)/PMS process, respectively. Six and seven intermediates during PNZ degradation by UVA/Fe(II)/PS and UVA/Fe(II)/PMS process were detected, respectively. Among the detected intermediates, six of them are found for the first time. It takes shorter time for toxicity elimination by UVA/Fe(II)/PS process than UVA/Fe(II)/PMS, possibly due to the lower Kow values of hydroxylated products. The results demonstrate that UVA/Fe(II)/PMS process is more efficient in PNZ degradation, while UVA/Fe(II)/PS is more efficient in detoxification of PNZ. The two sulfate radicals based processes have good potentials in degradation, mineralization and detoxification of the emerging contaminants such as PNZ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110054
JournalEnvironmental Research
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Phenazone
  • Photodegradation
  • Sulfate radicals
  • Toxicity
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)


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