A comparative study of droplet impact dynamics on a dual-scaled superhydrophobic surface and lotus leaf

Longquan Chen, Zhiyong Xiao, Philip Ching Ho Chan, Yi Kuen Lee, Zhigang Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)


The impact dynamics of water droplets on an artificial dual-scaled superhydrophobic surface was studied and compared with that of a lotus leaf with impact velocity V up to 3 m/s. The lower critical impact velocity for the bouncing of droplets was about 0.08 m/s on both surfaces. At relatively low impact velocities, regular rebound of droplets and air bubble trapping and flow jetting on both surfaces were observed as V was increased. For intermediate V, partial pinning and rebound of droplets were found on the artificial dual-scaled surface due to the penetration of the droplets into the micro- and nano-scale roughness. On the lotus leaf, however, the droplets bounced off with intensive vibrations instead of being partially pinned on the surface because of the irregular distribution of microbumps on the leaf. As the impact velocity was sufficiently high, droplet splashing occurred on both surfaces. The contact time and restitution coefficient of the impinging droplets were also measured and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8857-8863
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2011


  • Air trapping
  • Contact time
  • Droplet impact
  • Dual-scale
  • Rebound
  • Superhydrophobic surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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