A Cable-Driven Redundant Spatial Manipulator with Improved Stiffness and Load Capacity

Tianliang Liu, Zonggao Mu, Haomiao Wang, Wenfu Xu, Yangmin Li

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


With a light and slender body, a cable-driven redundant spatial manipulator (CRSM) has flexible manipulability and high maneuverability in confined environment. However, compared with revolute rigid manipulators, such type of manipulators generally has low stiffness and weak load capacity. In this paper, we propose a new mechanism design to improve the stiffness and load capacity without sacrificing the manipulator dexterity and the end-effector accuracy. The manipulator is composed of 3 active-passive-linkage segments and 1 active tool end-effector. Each active-passive segment has 2 degrees of freedom (DOFs) driven by three evenly distributed cables. Pretension mechanism and linkage cables are designed to keep strict equal angles of adjacent joints. A separable control box, which contains all the motors and cable transmission mechanisms is also designed with a quick release-and-lock mechanism. Therefore, the robotic arm can be easily removed and installed. Based on the equal angle characteristic, kinematic equations of manipulator are established with Denavit-Hartenberg (D-H) method and the Jacobian matrix is also simplified. Further analysis of the workspace supplies the guidance for the task design and motion planning. Finally, a prototype system is developed to perform the stiffness and load capacity experiments. Experimental results show that the developed CRSM has relatively high stiffness and load capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538680940
Publication statusPublished - 27 Dec 2018
Event2018 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2018 - Madrid, Spain
Duration: 1 Oct 20185 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
ISSN (Print)2153-0858
ISSN (Electronic)2153-0866


Conference2018 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2018


  • Cable-driven
  • Kinematic
  • Load capacity
  • Redundant manipulator
  • Stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications

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