A bulk effect liquid-solid generator with 3D electrodes for wave energy harvesting

Haojie Gu, Nan Zhang, Zhiyuan Zhou, Shimeng Ye, Wenjie Wang, Wanghuai Xu, Huanxi Zheng, Yuxin Song, Jiwei Jiao, Zuankai Wang, Xiaofeng Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Wave energy is one of the most promising renewable energy sources. The approaches for wave energy harvesting have been attracting more and more attentions all over the world. Although triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) based on liquid-solid interface have offered a new method for wave energy harvesting, some challenges still remain such as the relatively low energy power density and energy conversion efficiency. Here, we introduce a liquid-solid generator with electrode arrays that allows for improved wave energy harvesting compared to conventional TENG. The design of 3D electrodes above dielectric layer engenders a bulk effect that connect the electrode array, the polymer layer and bulk water into a closed-looped system. The arrayed generator can also be assembled easily and the instantaneous output power density can be enhanced from 2.7 W/m2 to 11.7 W/m2 with the 3D electrodes. We envision that this bulk effect generator based on liquid-solid interface will open new insight in blue energy harvesting in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106218
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Arrayed generator
  • Bulk effect
  • Energy harvesting
  • Liquid-solid interface
  • Wave energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A bulk effect liquid-solid generator with 3D electrodes for wave energy harvesting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this