A blockchain-based model with an incentive mechanism for cross-border logistics supervision and data sharing in modular construction

Liupengfei Wu, Xiao Li, Rui Zhao, Weisheng Lu, Jinying Xu, Fan Xue

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Sustainability in cross-border logistics requires issues such as fragmented management to be addressed. Particular challenges arise in cross-border logistics in modular construction (CLMC) because supervision is inefficient, primarily due to continued use of paper-based documentation. Researchers have developed digital platforms that integrate accurate prefabricated module location information but their centralized operation creates information security issues such as tampering. Blockchain technology can overcome this limitation but relies on user participation. This study, therefore, develops a blockchain-based supervision (BBS) model with incentives for application in CLMC. The BBS model is developed using a design science research approach to enhance supervision of CLMC and motivate users to share data promptly, and then a prototype system is developed and evaluated in a CLMC case. The results show that the system brings a positive change in product accountability (df = 8, t = 0.6601, p = 0.528) compared with current paper-based recording process (df = 8, t = 0.0035, p = 0.997), and a positive change in data traceability (df = 8, t = 1.468, p = 0.180) compared with existing process (df = 8, t = 0.042, p = 0.967). In addition, this study obtains higher scores (552) than others in evaluating the incentive mechanisms. The security analysis is also discussed through data immutability, non-repudiation, authentication, and authorization. The findings of this study pave the way for a tamper-proof, incentive-enabled supervision mechanism in modular construction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133460
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2022


  • Blockchain
  • Cross-border logistics
  • Incentive mechanism
  • Modular construction
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • General Environmental Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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