A binary choice model for adoption of an emerging travel mode with unique service features

Yu Gu, Anthony Chen, Sunghoon Jang, Songyot Kitthamkesorn

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


In the era of emerging technologies, the transportation system is witnessing the introduction of innovative mobility services, such as autonomous vehicles, which possess unique service features that cannot be seen from conventional travel modes. To facilitate the understanding of the behavioral impacts and the adoption of innovative mobilities, a novel binary weibit model with an oddball alternative (BW-O) is developed for the binary choice between conventional and emerging mobilities. The BW-O model explicitly considers the unprecedented (or unique) service features of emerging travel modes while retaining the closed-form choice probability. This study empirically illustrates the application of the BW-O model in the mode choice context. The desirable properties of the BW-O model compared to the existing binary choice models are discussed both theoretically and empirically. In the binary mode choice problem with an emerging travel mode, the unique service features of the emerging mode can lead to the “oddball” effect and “superstar” effect, which play a critical role in the travel behavior and mode adoption. The BW-O model inherently captures both effects by considering a higher perception variance for the emerging mode and asymmetric choice probabilities between different modes. Thus, as revealed by the empirical results, the BW-O model outperforms the basic binary weibit model in terms of both model fit and predictive power. The developed BW-O model is not only applicable to the mode choice problem in transportation systems, but also opens a door for more general class-imbalanced binary choice contexts where an alternative has additional attractiveness and asymmetric choice probability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100121
JournalCommunications in Transportation Research
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024


  • Binary mode choice
  • Emerging mode
  • Future transportation system
  • Multiplicative random utility model
  • Weibull distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Decision Sciences (miscellaneous)


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