A BIM-enabled robot control system for automated integration between rebar reinforcement and 3D concrete printing

Song Du, Fei Teng, Zicheng Zhuang, Dong Zhang, Mingyang Li, Heng Li, Yiwei Weng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

3D concrete printing (3DCP) has attracted significant attention due to the benefits of enhanced productivity and sustainability. However, existing 3DCP techniques face challenges of automation and practicality in integrating conventional rebar reinforcement with printed concrete structures. This study presents an automated robot system coupled with Building Information Modeling (BIM) to address the challenge. Dynamo scripts in BIM were used to generate printing paths, further optimised by a proposed algorithm for incorporating rebar reinforcement. A deep learning model was adopted to identify rebars with large aspect ratios. The average accuracy of rebar recognition is 92.5%, with a position error within 2 mm. A centralised control system was developed for multiple-device communication, including a camera, a robot arm, and a gripper. Finally, a real-time demonstration was conducted, representing the first practical demonstration of an automated robotic system to integrate rebar reinforcement with printed structures using BIM-generated data in the physical world.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2332423
JournalVirtual and Physical Prototyping
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • 3D concrete printing
  • Building Information Modeling
  • deep learning
  • rebar reinforcement
  • robot control system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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