A Benchmark for Edge-Preserving Image Smoothing

Feida Zhu, Zhetong Liang, Xixi Jia, Lei Zhang, Yizhou Yu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Edge-preserving image smoothing is an important step for many low-level vision problems. Though many algorithms have been proposed, there are several difficulties hindering its further development. First, most existing algorithms cannot perform well on a wide range of image contents using a single parameter setting. Second, the performance evaluation of edge-preserving image smoothing remains subjective, and there is a lack of widely accepted datasets to objectively compare the different algorithms. To address these issues and further advance the state of the art, in this paper, we propose a benchmark for edge-preserving image smoothing. This benchmark includes an image dataset with ground truth image smoothing results as well as baseline algorithms that can generate competitive edge-preserving smoothing results for a wide range of image contents. The established dataset contains 500 training and testing images with a number of representative visual object categories, while the baseline methods in our benchmark are built upon representative deep convolutional network architectures, on top of which we design novel loss functions well suited for the edge-preserving image smoothing. The trained deep networks run faster than most of the state-of-the-art smoothing algorithms with leading smoothing results both qualitatively and quantitatively. The benchmark will be made publicly accessible.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8678814
Pages (from-to)3556-3570
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


  • benchmark
  • deep convolutional networks
  • Edge-preserving smoothing
  • image dataset

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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