A bayesian network model for reducing accident rates of electrical and mechanical (E&M) work

Albert P.C. Chan, Francis K.W. Wong, Carol K.H. Hon, Tracy N.Y. Choi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Accidents in Repair, Maintenance, Alteration, and Addition (RMAA) work have become a growing concern, in recent years. The repair and maintenance works of electrical and mechanical (E&M) installations involves a variety of trades, a large number of practitioners and a series of high-risk activities. The uniqueness of E&M work, in the RMAA sector, requires a discrete and specific research to improve its safety performance. Understanding the causal relationships between safety factors and the number of accidents becomes crucial to develop a more effective safety management strategy. The Bayesian Network (BN) model is proposed to establish a probabilistic relational network between the causal factors, including both safety climate factors and personal experience factors that have influences on the number of accidents related to E&M RMAA work. The data were collected using a survey questionnaire, involving a hundred and fifty-five E&M practitioners. The BN results demonstrated that safety attitude and safety procedures were the most important factors to reduce the number of accidents. The proposed BN provides the ability to find out the most effective strategy with the best utilization of resources, to reduce the chance of a high number of E&M accidents, by controlling a single factor or simultaneously controlling, both, the safety climate and personal factors, to improve safety performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2496
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2018


  • Accident analysis
  • Bayesian networks
  • Electrical and mechanical (E&M) works
  • Safety management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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