A 5-D Large-Workspace Magnetic Localization and Actuation System Based on an Eye-in-Hand Magnetic Sensor Array and Mobile Coils

Moqiu Zhang, Lidong Yang, Chong Zhang, Zhengxin Yang, Li Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simultaneous magnetic localization and actuation in a human-scale workspace are challenging but essential for medical applications such as whole gastrointestinal (GI) tract monitoring and blood clot clearance in the leg. In this article, we propose a 5-D magnetic localization and actuation system that can track and actuate magnetic robots in a cylindrical workspace with a diameter of 500 mm. Based on the eye-in-hand configuration of the sensor array and the flexibility of the mobile electromagnetic manipulation system (mEMS), we realize a high localization accuracy in a large workspace with only 25 sensors. Moreover, we design an accurate magnetic field modeling method that can attenuate the electromagnets' hysteresis and provide a precise actuation field estimation. Taking advantage of the mobile sensor array, we developed a signal-quality-based tracking strategy (STS) that could improve the localization performance by adjusting the movement of the sensor array. The effectiveness and advantages of the proposed methods are verified by simulations and experiments. Results show that the STS could decrease 25% position root-mean-square error (RMSE). The resulting position RMSE and orientation RMSE are 2.02 mm and 8.24°, respectively. We experimentally prove the viability of the proposed strategy by propelling a magnetic helical robot through a 400-mm long 3-D twisted silicone phantom.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7501411
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Magnetic actuation
  • magnetic localization
  • magnetic micro-robot
  • medical robotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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