3D integral modeling for city surface & subsurface

Wang Yanbing, Wu Lixin, Shi Wenzhong, Li Xiaojuan

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


With the rapid development of urban, city space extended from surface to subsurface. As the important data source for the representation of city spatial information, 3D city spatial data have the characteristics of multiobject, heterogeneity and multi-structure. It could be classified referring to the geo-surface into three kinds: above-surface data, surface data and subsurface data. The current research on 3D city spatial information system is divided naturally into two different branch, 3D City GIS (3D CGIS) and 3D Geological Modeling (3DGM). The former emphasizes on the 3D visualization of buildings and the terrain of city, while the latter emphasizes on the visualization of geological bodies and structures. Although, it is extremely important for city planning and construction to integrate all the city spatial information including above-surface, surface and subsurface objects to conduct integral analysis and spatial manipulation. 3D Spatial Modeling is the key to 3D GIS, and is the basis of 3D GIS. All kinds of 3D spatial modeling methods are different with the difference of modeling objects. Based on the difference of spatial modeling objects, 3D spatial modeling methods are divided into two kinds, one is Geographical Spatial Modeling, and another is Geological Spatial Modeling. With the contrast of all the 3D spatial modeling methods, this paper also present some key issues on 3D spatial data modeling for geographical objects, surface buildings and geological objects integrated seamlessly with TIN being its coupling interface. Based on this, the paper introduced the conceptual model of Object Oriented 3D Integrated Spatial Data Model (003D-ISDM), which is comprised of 4 spatial elements, i.e. point, line, face and body, and 4 geometric primitives, i.e. vertex, segment, triangle and generalized tri-prism (GTP). The spatial model represents the geometry of surface buildings and geographical objects with triangles, and geological objects with GTP. Any of the represented objects, no mater surface buildings, te
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovations in 3D Geo Information Systems
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006
Event1st International Workshop on 3D Geoinformation, 2006 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 7 Aug 20068 Aug 2006


Conference1st International Workshop on 3D Geoinformation, 2006
CityKuala Lumpur


  • 3D spatial model
  • Digital city
  • GTP
  • Integral modeling
  • Objected oriented
  • Seamless

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


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