3D graphene and boron nitride structures for nanocomposites with tailored thermal conductivities: Recent advances and perspectives

Xi Shen, Jang Kyo Kim

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Various three-dimensional (3D) structures are rationally assembled from two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets of graphene and boron nitride (BN) for thermal energy regulating applications. The nanocomposites containing these 3D architectures offer thermal conductivities spanning a few orders of magnitude from ultralow values for super thermal insulation to high values for fast heat dissipation. In this review, we summarize the approaches developed to achieve two extremes of thermal conductivity in 3D graphene and BN assemblies by engineering their structures at different length scales. A special focus is placed on identifying key structural parameters affecting the thermal conductivities, including pore morphologies, pore sizes, and cell wall structures. Distinctive applications of 3D graphene and BN structures and their polymer-based composites for thermal energy management are highlighted along with their potential multifunctionalities other than thermal conduction or insulation. The in-depth understanding of thermal transport properties offer insight into designing novel 3D structures that possess desired thermal conductivities for emerging thermal management applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022001
JournalFunctional Composites and Structures
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D structure
  • Boron nitride
  • Graphene
  • Rational assembly
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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