ï¿½ 2015 The Electrochemical Society. A 2D segment model for a bi-layer electrolyte solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is developed by coupling the mass transport in the channel and electrode, electrochemical reaction at the electrode/electrolyte interface and charge transport in the bi-layer electrolyte. The Butler-Volmer equation is used to describe the electrochemical reaction. The expressions of electronic current and oxygen partial pressure in the electrolyte are obtained by the 1D charge transport equation and two additional equations are derived based on energy conservation to close the governing equations. The model is validated as the simulation results agree well with the experiment data reported in the literature. The characteristics of a SOFC with an yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ)/samaria doped ceria (SDC) bi-layer electrolyte is parametrically analyzed and the uniformity of the electronic current and oxygen partial pressure in SOFC under various operating conditions is investigated. The results provide fundamental information on the leakage current in a bi-layer electrolyte SOFC and can serve as a useful tool for its design optimization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry